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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Genetic analysis of beta-thalassemia major and beta-thalassemia intermedia in Brazil|
|Abstract:||The development of methodologies to identify the molecular lesions responsible for different types of beta-thalassemia has made it possible to correlate these data with clinical and hematological severity. We examined DNA from 35 patients with beta-thalassemia, residents of the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, for some types of genetic modifying factors: beta-thalassemia mutations, the upstream XmnI (G)y-globin gene polymorphisms, and alpha-globin gene deletions. Additionally, the beta-like gene cluster haplotypes and the presence of the Y-A(T) variant were studied. The following mutations were present in the 70 chromosomes studied: 54.3% codon 39 (C-->T) (beta degrees); 18.6% IVS-I-6 (T-->C (beta(')); 18.6% IVS-I-110 (G-->A) (beta+), and 4.3% IVS-I-1 (G-->T) (beta degrees). Haplotype II was associated with the nonsense mutation at codon 39, haplotype I with the IVS-I-110 and codon 39 mutations, and haplotypes VI and VII with the IVS-I-6 mutation. The XmnI polymorphism was detected in three out of 31 patients studied. No alpha-thalassemia was detected among the thalassemia intermedia patients. The Y-A(T) variant was present in 87.1% of 31 thalassemia patients and was associated with the codon 39/haplotype II and IVS-I-6/haplotype VI mutations. This is the first study of the Brazilian population that has analyzed the beta-thalassemia mutations and of her molecular variants, and has correlated them with the clinical manifestations.|
|Editor:||Marcel Dekker Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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