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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Gas-phase reactions for selective detection of the explosives TNT and RDX|
|Abstract:||Highly selective gas-phase reactions with ethyl vinyl ether (EVE) of major electron (EI) and chemical ionization (CI) fragment ions of the explosives TNT and RDX have been uncovered. The fragment ion of m/z 210 from TNT undergoes [4(+) + 2] cycloaddition with EVE to form an oxo-iminium ion of m/z 282, which dissociates by acetaldehyde loss after a [1,5-H] shift to form a quinolynium ion of m/z 238. The fragment ion of m/z 149 from RDX reacts with EVE by a formal vinylation reaction, that is, the elusive cyclic adduct loses ethanol to yield a nitro-iminium ion of m/z 175, which reacts further with EVE to form a second cyclic product ion of m/z 247. Calculations and MS/MS experiments support the proposed structures. These highly characteristic reactions of diagnostic El and CI fragment ions improve selectivity for TNT and RDX detection.|
|Editor:||Royal Soc Chemistry|
|Citation:||Chemical Communications. Royal Soc Chemistry, n. 1, n. 40, n. 41, 2004.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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