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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Occlusal force, electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles and mandibular flexure of subjects with different facial types
Author: Custodio, W
Gomes, SGF
Faot, F
Garcia, RCMR
Cury, AAD
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether vertical facial patterns influence maximal occlusal force (MOF), masticatory muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity, and medial mandibular flexure (MMF). Material and Methods: Seventy-eight dentate subjects were divided into 3 groups by Ricketts's analysis: brachyfacial, nnesofacial and dolychofacial. Maximum occlusal force in the molar region was bilaterally measured with a force transducer. The electromyographic activities of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles were recorded during maximal voluntary clenching. Medial mandibular flexure was calculated by subtracting the intermolar distance of maximum opening or protrusion from the distance in the rest position. The data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD test. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: Data on maximum occlusal force showed that shorter faces had higher occlusal forces (P<0.0001). Brachyfacial subjects presented higher levels of masseter electromyographic activity and medial mandibular flexure, followed by the mesofacial and dolychofacial groups. Additionally, dolychofacial subjects showed significantly lower electronnyographic temporalis activities (P<0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, it may be concluded that maximum occlusal force, masticatory muscle activity and medial mandibular flexure were influenced by the vertical facial pattern.
Subject: Vertical dimension
Bite force
Masticatory muscles
Country: Brasil
Editor: Univ Sao Paulo Fac Odontologia Bauru
Citation: Journal Of Applied Oral Science. Univ Sao Paulo Fac Odontologia Bauru, v. 19, n. 4, n. 343, n. 349, 2011.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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