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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Fishermen's local ecological knowledge on Southeastern Brazilian coastal fishes: contributions to research, conservation, and management
Author: Silvano, RAM
Begossi, A
Abstract: We analyzed fishermen's local ecological knowledge (LEK) about the feeding habits, trophic interactions, habitats, fishing grounds, migration, and reproduction of nine coastal fishes in Buzios Island, southeastern Brazilian coast. We interviewed 39 fishermen using standardized questionnaires. Fishermen's LEK on habitat use and trophic interactions for the studied fishes agreed with the scientific literature, allowing the organization of reef and pelagic food webs. The interviewed fishermen mentioned that submerged rock formations would be important habitats for some large commercial fishes, such as Seriola spp., Caranx lams and Epinephelus marginatus. In some instances there was no scientific data to be compared with fishermen's LEK, and thus this kind of knowledge would be the only available source of information, such as for reproduction and migration of most of the studied fishes. We suggest herein ways to apply fishermen's LEK to develop and improve fisheries management measures, such as zoning of marine space, marine protected areas, and closed fishing seasons. Fishermen's LEK may be an important and feasible support to fisheries management and co-management.
Subject: Ethnobiology
Fish behavior
Fish ecology
Human ecology
Small-scale fisheries
Country: Brasil
Editor: Soc Brasileira Ictiologia
Citation: Neotropical Ichthyology. Soc Brasileira Ictiologia, v. 10, n. 1, n. 133, n. 147, 2012.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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