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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Fish mercury bioaccumulation as a function of feeding behavior and hydrological cycles of the Rio Negro, Amazon
Author: Dorea, JG
Barbosa, AC
Silva, GS
Abstract: The acidic black waters of the Rio Negro are unimpacted by anthropogenic sources and yet, are characterized by fish containing relatively high fig concentrations. Regular annual flooding alters the aquatic environment, thereby affecting fish feeding strategies. We studied the impact of annual flooding on fish-Hg bioaccumulation. Tucunares (Cychla spp, carnivorous), Peixe-cachorro (Hydrolycus scomberoides, carnivorous), Traira (Hoplias malabaricus, carnivorous), Piranha-branca (Serrasahnus aff. eigenamanni, carnivorous), Piranha-preta (Serrasahnus rhombeus, carnivorous), Acara (Acarichthys heckellii, omnivorous), Aracu (Leporinus frederici, omnivorous), Orana-preta (Hemiodus unimacilatus, omnivorous), Sardinha (Triportheus elongatus, omnivorous), Branquinha (Polamorhina latior, detritivorous), Jaraqui-escama-fina (Semaprochilodus taeniurus, detritivorous), and Pacu-branco (Myleus torquatus, herbivorous) were studied during high (July) and low waters (February) and categorized by body mass. Regardless of hydrological period, ranges of total-Hg concentrations were higher for carnivorous than for omnivorous, detritivorous and herbivorous species. Some species (Traira, Sardinha, Peixe-cachorro, Piranha branca, Piranha preta) showed changes in feeding patterns as indicated by an inverse trend of Hg bioaccumulation with season. Species with similar trends of Hg bioaccumulation showed higher Hg concentrations during the flooded season (Aracu, Pacu branco and Orana preta) and some had lower Fig (Acari, Branquinha and Tucunares). Fish Hg concentration is species specific and reflects changes in feeding-behavior dominance brought by annual inundation. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Amazonia
annual floods
Country: EUA
Editor: Elsevier Science Inc
Citation: Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology C-toxicology & Pharmacology. Elsevier Science Inc, v. 142, n. 41732, n. 275, n. 283, 2006.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2005.10.014
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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