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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Focal cortical dysplasia: Improving diagnosis and localization with magnetic resonance imaging multiplanar and curvilinear reconstruction
Author: Montenegro, MA
Li, LM
Guerreiro, MM
Guerreiro, CAM
Cendes, F
Abstract: Objective. To establish the contribution of multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) and curvilinear reformatting (CR) to the MRI investigation of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). Methods, From a group of patients with intractable frontal lobe epilepsy, we selected patients with neuroimaging diagnosis of FCD. The diagnosis of FCD was based on the neuroimaging findings after a three step evaluation, always in the same order: (a) plain MRI films, (b) MPR, and (c) CR. After the selection of patients, the process of reviewing all the images in the three stages described above was performed by one of us, who did not take part on the selection of patients nor on the initial evaluation, and who was blind to the clinical and EEG findings of the patients. For data analysis, we first assessed the contribution of the additional findings of MPR analysis compared to the results of the evaluation using only plain MRI films, as is usually done in routine practice, Second, we assessed the contribution of CR to the findings of plain MRI films plus MPR. After completing the multistep evaluation, we all went back to review the plain MRI films with knowledge of lesion topography, in order to identify possible subtle features associated with FCD. Results, Seventeen patients met the inclusion criteria. Twelve had imaging diagnosis of FCD and were included in the second step of this project. Plain films of high resolution MRI showed the lesion in 6 (50%) of the 12 patients, By adding MPR to the plain MRI films, we identified lesions in all 12 patients. Furthermore, we found that MPR provided a better lesion localization and ascertainment of its relationship to other cerebral structures in 5 of 6 (83%) patients who had a lesion identified on plain films. By adding CR to the plain MRI films plus MPR analysis, we observed that (a) CR also allowed the identification of the dysplastic lesion in all patients, (b) CR improved lesion localization in one patient, and (c) CR provided a better visualization of the lesion extent In 4 patients (33%), showed a larger lesion in 3, and demonstrated that part of the area suspected as abnormal was more likely volume averaging in 2. Conclusion. MPR and CR analysis add to the neuroimaging evaluation of FCD by improving the lesion diagnosis and localization. CR helps to establish the extent of the lesion more precisely, allowing the visualization of some areas not shown on high resolution MRI and MPR. These techniques are complementary and do not replace the conventional wisdom of MRI analysis.
Subject: curvilinear reformatting
multiplanar reconstruction
focal cortical dysplasia
frontal lobe epilepsy
Country: EUA
Editor: Sage Publications Inc
Citation: Journal Of Neuroimaging. Sage Publications Inc, v. 12, n. 3, n. 224, n. 230, 2002.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1177/10528402012003003
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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