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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Fluoride intake by children at risk for the development of dental fluorosis: Comparison of regular dentifrices and flavoured dentifrices for children
Author: Oliveira, MJL
Paiva, SM
Martins, LHPM
Ramos-Jorge, ML
Lima, YBO
Cury, JA
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine fluoride intake by children at risk of dental fluorosis according to the type of dentifrice used. Forty-two volunteers aged between 20 and 30 months, from 2 kindergartens, were supervised while brushing their teeth with regular dentifrices ( nominally 1,500 ppm F) and dentifrices flavoured for children ( nominally 1,100 ppm F), brushing 3 times with each type in random order to minimize bias. The amount of fluoride ingested was determined by subtracting the weight of dentifrice recovered from the weight used and calculating the mean of the 3 brushings. Fluoride was analyzed with specific electrodes. Parents were asked how often the children brushed their teeth and the daily tooth brushing frequency was used to calculate the daily fluoride intake. The average fluoride intake using regular dentifrices and those flavoured for children was 0.567 +/- 0.300 and 0.630 +/- 0.320 mg F/day, respectively, corresponding to doses of 0.046 +/- 0.023 and 0.051 +/- 0.026 mg F/kg/day (p > 0.05). Fluoride intake was slightly higher with the use of dentifrices flavoured for children. Moreover, the dose to which children were exposed with either type of dentifrice was very close to that which is considered the limit (0.05-0.07 mg F/kg/day). Copyright (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Subject: dental fluorosis, children
Country: Suíça
Editor: Karger
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1159/000107933
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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