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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Frustrated demand for postpartum female sterilization in Brazil|
|Abstract:||During the last three decades, Brazilians have relied almost exclusively on two contraceptive methods, the pill and female sterilization, with sterilization use increasing over time. Until a new law was passed in 1997, sterilization was virtually illegal and not covered by either public or private health insurance. It was, however, frequently provided in public and private hospitals in conjunction with a cesarean section. The new law regulating sterilization provided for reimbursement for interval sterilizations by public health insurance, but placed restrictions on availability intended to reduce the use of cesareans. These restrictions included the prohibition of postpartum sterilizations. This paper focuses on women's sterilization intentions during pregnancy and their experiences postpartum. In a prospective study of 1612 pregnant women carried out in four Brazilian cities, there was substantial demand for postpartum sterilization in both the private and public sectors among women who wanted no more children. However, public patients were much less likely to be sterilized than private patients. Thus the new law may not have reduced inequities in access or, paradoxically, the incentive for unnecessary cesarean sections. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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