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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Formation of vortices in the presence of sheared electron flows in the Earth's ionosphere|
|Abstract:||It is shown that sheared electron flows can generate long as well as short wavelength (in comparison with the ion gyroradius) electrostatic waves in a nonuniform magnetplasma. For this purpose, we derive dispersion relations by employing two-fluid and hybrid models; in the two-fluid model the dynamics of both the electrons and ions are governed by the hydrodynamic equations and the guiding center fluid drifts, whereas the hybrid model assumes kinetic ions and fluid electrons. Explicit expressions for the growth rates and thresholds are presented. Linearly excited waves attain finite amplitudes and start interacting among themselves. The interaction is governed by the nonlinear equations containing the Jacobian nonlinearities. Stationary solutions of the nonlinear mode coupling equations can be represented in the form of a dipolar vortex and a vortex street. Conditions under which the latter arise are given. Numerical results for the growth rates of linearly excited modes as well as for various types of vortices are displayed for the parameters that are relevant for the F-region of the Earth's ionosphere. It is suggested that the results of the present investigation are useful in understanding the properties of nonthermal electrostatic waves and associated nonlinear vortex structures in the Earth's ionosphere. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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