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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Foraging activity and resource use by three parrotfish species at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, tropical West Atlantic
Author: Bonaldo, RM
Krajewski, JP
Sazima, C
Sazima, I
Abstract: Parrotfishes are important components of the herbivore and detritivore guilds of tropical and subtropical reefs. Most of parrotfish species are protogynous hermaphrodites that change colour and sex, from initial phase females or males (IP) to terminal phase males (TP). We studied the foraging behaviour of Sparisoma amplum, S. axillare and S. frondosum, three syntopic scarids on the rocky reefs of Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Tropical West Atlantic. The three parrotfish species differed in food selection and preference, but IP and TP individuals of the same species preferred the same food types, except for S. amplum. Feeding rates of IP individuals were higher than those of TP individuals, but the distribution of feeding frequencies throughout the day of IP and TP individuals of the same species was similar. IP individuals had higher feeding rates than TP ones, which seems related to the fact that TP individuals spend a large amount of time patrolling their territories and chasing away conspecific individuals at the study site. The general foraging pattern we found for S. amplum, S. axillare and S. frondosum is similar to patterns found for other parrotfish species in the Western Atlantic.
Country: EUA
Editor: Springer
Citation: Marine Biology. Springer, v. 149, n. 3, n. 423, n. 433, 2006.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s00227-005-0233-9
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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