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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Facial features of patients with sickle cell anemia
Author: Maia, NG
dos Santos, LA
Coletta, RD
Mendes, PH
Bonan, PR
Maia, LB
Martelli, H
Abstract: Objective: To characterize the craniofacial features of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). Materials and Methods: Fifty patients with SCA in the north of Minas Gerais, Brazil, were evaluated using standardized photographs (front and profile) for a subjective facial analysis and digital radiographs for a computerized cephalometric analysis. To obtain linear and angular measurements, cephalometric points were marked on the digital images by a single examiner, using the program Radiocef 6.0, and facial analyses were performed by four different orthodontists. Results: Of the population studied, 28 patients were female with a mean age of 27.7 years. Most of the patients (64%) had their faces classified as esthetically acceptable, although results showed a predominance of convex profiles (72%). The mean of the SNA angle was 84.56 degrees, diagnosing proper positioning of the maxilla from the base of the skull. The prevalence of pattern II was 32%, and 31% showed maxillary protrusion; the effective length of the maxilla was reduced in 64%. Retrusion of the mandible was observed in 30%, and 76% had reduced mandibular length. Four measurements (mandibular length, maxillary length, anterior face height, and maxillomandibular difference) showed statistically significant differences between genders, where these measurements were higher for males than for females. Conclusion: Most patients did not show compensatory maxillary expansion, which was determined by the prevalence of decreased maxillary length (64%) and by the absence of maxillary protrusion in 69% of the SCA patients evaluated. (Angle Orthod. 2011;81:115-120.)
Subject: Sickle cell anemia
Facial features
Country: EUA
Editor: E H Angle Education Research Foundation, Inc
Citation: Angle Orthodontist. E H Angle Education Research Foundation, Inc, v. 81, n. 1, n. 115, n. 120, 2011.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.2319/012910-61.1
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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