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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Extraperitoneal endoscopic radical prostatectomy: How steep is the learning curve? Overheads on the personal evolution technique in 5-years experience
Author: Starling, ES
Reis, LO
Juliano, RV
Korkes, F
Dos Santos, MW
Pompeo, ACL
Tobias-Machado, M
Abstract: Objective: Prospectively investigate endoscopic extra peritoneal radical prostatectomy (EERP) learning curve impact on outcomes. Materials and methods: In a 5 year period (2004-2008) 270 patients underwent 5-6 ports laparoscopic radical prostatectomy at a referral center in Brazil. The initial 70 cases learning curve protocol included low body mass index patients with low volume, low grade prostate cancer. After that there were no criteria to exclude laparoscopic surgery. The patients were analyzed in two groups: Group 1, first 70 patients (30 transperitoneal and 40 extra peritoneal)-learning curve and Group 2, last 200 patients - EERP only. Surgical and outcome parameters were compared through Student's t test and Fisher's Exact Test. Results: The mean age was 65 years (+/- 8.2) and comparing Groups 1 and 2, mean operative time was 300 (+/- 190) versus 180 (+/- 100) minutes, blood loss 330 (+/- 210) versus 210 (+/- 180) mL, hospital stay 3 (2 to 5) versus 2 (1 to 3) days, positive surgical margins 15% versus 10%, erection sufficient to penetration in previous potent patients 73.3% versus 75%, respectively with no difference between groups. Overall, 78% of patients referred no previous impotence with groups' equivalence. Severe urinary incontinence, transfusion and complications rates were higher in group 1 (p<0.05): 10% versus 2%, 12% versus 2.25% and 30% versus 12.5%, respectively. Peritoneum perforation occurred in 40% and conversion to open surgery was not required. Nerve sparing procedure was applied in 85%. In 3.5-years mean follow-up 90% of patients were free of PSA recurrence with no difference between groups. Conclusion: Severe urinary incontinence, transfusion and complications rates are related to learning curve which is continuous, although a significant improvement is pragmatic after 70 cases. An intensive mentored training program should be considered to minimize the learning outlays. (C) 2009 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L. All rights reserved.
Subject: Learning curve
Extraperitoneal endoscopic radical prostatectomy
Oncological results
Country: Espanha
Editor: Ene Ediciones Sl
Citation: Actas Urologicas Espanolas. Ene Ediciones Sl, v. 34, n. 7, n. 598, n. 602, 2010.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.acuro.2010.03.027
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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