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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Extensive chemometric investigations of the multidrug resistance in strains of the phytopathogenic fungus Penicillium digitatum
Author: Kiralj, R
Ferreira, MMC
Abstract: Multidrug resistance activities pEC(50) of sensitive, resistant, and moderately resistant strains of the pathogenic fungus Penicillium digitatum against triflumizole, fenarimol, bitertanol, pyrifenox, cycloheximide, acriflavine, and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide were studied by principal component and hierarchical cluster analyses. Genome descriptors for fungal cytochrome P450 sterol 14 alpha-demethylase and multidrug efflux pump PMR1 were generated and correlated with pEC50 by partial least squares. Toxicants were modeled at the PM3 level. Novel Activity-Structure Relationships (ASRs) were established to predict toxicant structural features from biological activities and to identify and classify the strains. New types of relationships to model and predict biological activities are Quantitative Genome-Activity Relationship (QGAR) and Quantitative Genome/ Structure-Activity Relationship (QGSAR). QGAR for demethylation inhibitors had a reasonable regression [Q(2) = 0.79, R-2 = 0.81, Standard Error of Validation (SEV) = 0.34] and was extended into QGSAR with improved statistics (Q(2) = 0.85, R-2 = 0.87, SEV = 0.29). Conformers of toxicants with common hydrogen bonding and aromatic ring geometry indicate possible interactions with receptors such as cytochromes, efflux pumps, and regulatory proteins which activate fungal multidrug resistance.
Subject: activity-structure relationships
ATP-binding cassette efflux pump
cytochrome p450 sterol 14 alpha-demethylase
quantitative genome/structure-activity relationship
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Wiley-v C H Verlag Gmbh
Citation: Qsar & Combinatorial Science. Wiley-v C H Verlag Gmbh, v. 27, n. 3, n. 289, n. 301, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/qsar.200630160
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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