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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Experimental analysis of the columnar-to-equiaxed transition in directionally solidified Al-Ni and Al-Sn alloys
Author: Cante, MV
Cruz, KS
Spinelli, JE
Cheung, N
Garcia, A
Abstract: Experiments were carried out to investigate the columnar-to-equiaxed transition (CET) during the upward vertical directional solidification of hypocutectic Al-Ni and Al-Sn alloys. For the growth conditions examined both the thermal and solutal profiles inside the mushy zone and in the overlying melt ahead of the dendrite tips are expected to be stable, since the solute enrichment increases the melt density, and no solute movement induced by convection will affect the CET. From the experimental thermal profiles, tip cooling rates, tip growth rates and thermal gradients have been determined. It was found that the CET occurs for a critical value of cooling rate, with the columnar growth prevailing throughout the casting for cooling rates higher than such critical value, which for a particular binary alloy system is independent of the solute concentration in the hypoeutectic range. For Al-Sn and Al-Ni alloys the critical cooling rates were found to be 0.30 K/s and 0.16 K/s, respectively. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Al-Ni and Al-Sn alloys
columnar-to-equiaxed transition
directional solidification
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Materials Letters. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 61, n. 41984, n. 2135, n. 2138, 2007.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2006.08.032
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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