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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Evaluation of the gastroprotective activity of cordatin, a diterpene isolated from Aparisthmium cordatum (Euphorbiaceae)
Author: Hiruma-Lima, CA
Gracioso, JD
Toma, W
de Paula, ACB
de Almeida, ABA
Brasil, DDB
Muller, AH
Brito, ARMS
Abstract: Aparisthmium cordatum (Juss.) BAIL. (Euphorbiaceae) is a medium sized tree native to the North Brazilian coastal region, which is known in the State of Para as "ariquena queimosa." To our knowledge it has no popular use. Phytochemical studies of the benzene extract of the bark of A. cordatum yielded a furan diterpene with a clerodane skeleton, called cardatin. Recently, we reported the antiulcerogenic activity of trans-dehydrocrotonin (DHC), another furan diterpene isolated from Croton cajucara bark, in different ulcerogenic models in mice and rats. The aim of the present study was to assess the possible antiulcerogenic activity of cordatin, another compound of the clerodane diterpene group present in A. cordatum bark. When previously administered (p.o.) at the dose of 100 mg/kg, cordatin significantly reduced (p<0.01) gastric injury induced by the indomethacin/bethanechol (78%), ethanol (76%), and hypothermic restraint-stress models (66%) and by pylorus ligature (50%) in mice and rats. In the HCl/ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in mice, at oral doses of 100 and 250 mg/kg, cordatin from A. cordatum significantly reduced (p<0.001) the formation of gastric lesions by 70% and 77%, respectively, when compared to the control. In the pylorus-ligature model, cordatin (p.o.) only decreased the volume of gastric juice compared to the control (p<0.001). When cordatin (100 mg/kg) was administered intraduodenally to mice, significant modifications were found, such as a decrease in gastric acidity compared to the control (p<0.05). In the animals pre-treated with cordatin, free mucus production was not altered when compared with the control group. The results suggest that cordatin from A. cordatum presents a significant anti-ulcer effect when assessed in these induced ulcer models. Although the mechanism underlying this antiulcerogenic effect remains unknown, it seems to be related to an anti-secretory property but the involvement of mucosal defensive mechanisms are not to be ignored. The good yield of cordatin obtained from A. cordatum, as well as its antiulcerogenic activity, suggest that this compound should be submitted to pharmacological research as a potential new antiulcerogenic drug.
Subject: gastroprotective activity
Aparisthmium cordatum
Country: Japão
Editor: Pharmaceutical Soc Japan
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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