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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Evaluation of Chlorhexidine Substantivity on Human Dentin: A Chemical Analysis|
|Abstract:||Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the substantivity of chlorhexidine (CHX) solution and gel within a root canal system for 24 hours, 30 days, and 90 days. Methods: Forty-five extracted human anterior teeth were used for this study. The samples were divided into 3 groups according to the chemical auxiliary substance used to perform the root canal preparation: group 1, 2% liquid CHX; group 2, 2% gel CHX; and group 3, distilled water (the control group). The working length was determined by inserting a #10 K-file into the canal up to the moment its tip was seen in the apex foramen and then withdrawing it 1 mm. The roots were prepared up to the instrument #45. Longitudinal grooves were carved on the free surfaces of the roots, providing 2 halves of each root and resulting in 30 samples per group. Each group was randomly divided into 3 subgroups (n = 10), and substantivity was evaluated after 24 hours, 30 days, and 90 days of incubation. The amount of CHX (in micrometers) was measured through reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and the Tukey test for post hoc comparisons (alpha = 0.05). Results: The control group showed no substantivity. Significant amounts of CHX solution and gel remained retained in dentin substrates independent of the time of incubation (P < .05). CHX solution showed a higher substantivity than CHX gel, with the exception of groups incubated for 90 days. The decreasing amounts of retained CHX inside the canal were for 24 hours >30 days >90 days for CHX solution and 24 hours >30 days >= 90 days for CHX gel. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that CHX solution and gel are retained in root canal dentin for'up to 90 days. (J Endod 2012;38:1249-1252)|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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