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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Evaluation of batch adsorption of chromium ions on natural and crosslinked chitosan membranes|
da Silva, MGC
|Abstract:||Removal of chromium ions from aqueous solutions by using natural and crosslinked chitosan membranes was achieved using batch adsorption experiments. The effect of pH (6.0 and 2.0), concentration of chromium ions and crosslinking agents (glutaraldehyde: GLA and epichlorohydrin: ECH) on the adsorption properties of chitosan membranes was analyzed. The experimental equilibrium data was fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich models. Through the model curves, it was possible to observe that the amount of chromium ions adsorbed was significantly higher for crosslinked membranes compared to non-crosslinked chitosan. The maximum adsorbed amount was about 1400 mg g(-1) for ECH-crosslinked chitosan at pH 6.0. The adsorption rates for crosslinked chitosan membranes with glutaraldehyde and epichlorohydrin were similar for natural chitosan. Desorption study using NaCl (1 mol L-1) solution was performed on chitosan membranes, in order to recover chromium ions and to determine the suitable number of cycles for repeated use of these membranes without considerable decrease in their adsorption capacity. The desorption results showed that chromium ions could be more effectively removed at pH 2.0 than pH 6.0, mainly for ECH-crosslinked chitosan. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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