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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Ethnoecological knowledge of the artisan fishermen of octopi (Octopus spp.) in the community of Coroa Vermelha (Santa Cruz Cabralia, Bahia)
Author: Martins, VS
Schiavetti, A
Souto, FJB
Abstract: Coral reefs are quite diverse ecosystems that carry out several ecological functions and plays a relevant socioeconomic role. The artisan fishing of octopi (Octopus spp.) is practiced for the survival of part of the inhabitants of Coroa Vermelha community, in the south of the state of Bahia. We intended to study the knowledge of the octopi fishermen of Coroa Vermelha using the comprehensive ethnoecological proposal of Marques. The data were collected between July, 2006 and April, 2008 through direct observation and from interviews with fishermen met by chance and through the "native specialists" criterion. Twenty semi-structured interviews were carried out following an itinerary of pre-established questions about the activity of octopi capture, and the biological and ecological aspects of the resource. The data showed that the fishermen have knowledge about biological and ecological aspects of the octopi. Two capture techniques are used: octopus fishing (polvejamento) in the reefs and through diving. Two specific folk are recognized: the "normal octopus" (Octopus insularis) and the "east octopus" (Octopus macropus (?)). The intervieews demonstrated ecological knowledge sometimes compatible with the scientific literature, mainly in which concerns the trophic ecology and behavior of the octopi.
Subject: ethnoecology
artisan fishing
coral reefs
Country: Brasil
Editor: Acad Brasileira De Ciencias
Citation: Anais Da Academia Brasileira De Ciencias. Acad Brasileira De Ciencias, v. 83, n. 2, n. 513, n. 522, 2011.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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