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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Essential oil from leaves of Cryptocarya mandioccana Meisner (Lauraceae): Composition and intraspecific chemical variability
Author: Telascrea, M
de Araujo, CC
Marques, MOM
Facanali, R
de Moraes, PLR
Cavalheiro, AJ
Abstract: The composition of the essential oil from leaves of Cryptocarya mandioccana has been determined by chromatographic fractionation and GC-FID, GC-MS and C-13 NMR analyses, yielding the identification of 64 compounds with predominance of isomeric sesquiterpenes with molecular weights of 204. The main components of the oil obtained by hydrodistillation were beta-caryophyllene, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, delta-cadinene, germacrene D, benzaldehyde and bicyclogermacrene. However, the oil obtained by steam distillation contained higher levels of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, with predominance of P-caryophyllene (C), germacrene D (G) and bicyclogermacrene (B), and was considered to be more representative of the composition of the oil in its natural state. The intraspecific chemical variability of the essential oil obtained by steam distillation was evaluated within populations of trees growing at three separate locations in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Three distinct chemical groups could be characterised due to differences in the relative percentages of the three main sesquiterpenes from essential oil: CGB [relative contents of C (14-34%), G (5-28%), B (8-15%)], BCG [B (17-34%), C (9-24%), G (12-25%)] and GCB [G (22-42%), C (4-17%), B (7-15%)]. Individuals from groups CGB and BCG were found to be more frequent at south locations while group GCB is predominant in north location. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Cryptocarya mandioccana
essential oil
retention index
intraspecific variability
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Biochemical Systematics And Ecology. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 35, n. 4, n. 222, n. 232, 2007.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2006.09.015
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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