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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Neurotoxic and myotoxic actions of Naja naja kaouthia venom on skeletal muscle in vitro
Author: Reali, M
Serafim, FG
da Cruz-Hofling, MA
Fontana, MD
Abstract: The neuromuscular and skeletal muscle actions of Naja naja kaouthia snake venom were studied in mammalian (rat left hemidiaphragm) and avian (chick biventer cervicis) nerve-muscle preparations. The venom (5 and 10 mug/ml) produced neuromuscular blockade (85% in 36.8 +/- 2.0 min, mean +/- SEM, n = 5, and 18 +/- 0.6 min, n = 3, P < 0.01, respectively) in the rat preparation. That the phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity of the venom is involved in this effect was evaluated by inhibiting this enzyme with p-bromophenacyl bromide. This resulted in significantly (p < 0.01) increasing the time required for 85% blockade with 5 and 10 mug/ml to 54 +/- 4.6 min (n = 3) and 29 +/- 0.6 min (n = 3), respectively. In chick preparations, the venom (5 mug/ml) produced neuromuscular blockade in 14.0 +/- 1.8, min (n = 5). The contractures to exogenous acetylcholine were completely inhibited by the venom, whereas those to 134 muM KCl were partially blocked in chick preparations (n = 4, n = 3, respectively). The venom (5 mug/ml) produced a progressive decrease in the amplitude of miniature end-plate potentials ( in the rat hemidiaphragm, but did not alter the resting membrane potential at 5 mug/ml. Neostigmine (5.8 muM) immediate and partially reversed the 85% blockade produced by venom (61%, n = 3) in rat preparations, as did 4-aminopyridine (53 muM) (similar to59%, n = 3). The 4-aminopyridine and neostigmine also restored the to pre-venom (control) values. In rat preparations, the venom damaged 47% +/- 11% and 62.7 +/- 3.6% of the muscle fibers at concentrations of 5 and 10 mug/ml, respectively. For venom in which PLA(2) activity was inhibited, the corresponding values were 38 +/- 11.8% (5 mug/ml) and 67 +/- 9.6% (10 mug/ml). These findings suggest a post-synaptic neurotoxic action for N. n. kaouthia venom, and that inhibiting phospholipase activity of the venom reduces significantly the neuromuscular block but not the direct myotoxicity. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: blockade
Naja naja kaouthia
histological changes
neuromuscular junction
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Toxicon. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 41, n. 6, n. 657, n. 665, 2003.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0041-0101(03)00005-9
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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