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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Electromyographic Activity and Thickness of Masticatory Muscles in Children With Unilateral Posterior Crossbite|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to assess the electromyographic (EMG) activity and thickness of the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles in children with unilateral posterior crossbite (PCB). Thirty-six children (22 boys, 14 girls, and mean age of 8.8 +/- 1.1 years) were divided into the following groups: The case group with 20 PCB patients (10 on the left side, 10 on the right side); the control group with 16 normal occlusion (NOccl) subjects. EMG activity was recorded with bipolar surface electrodes at rest and during maximal clenching. The muscle thickness was measured with real-time ultrasound. Data were compared between groups and between sides. The correlation between EMG activity and muscle thickness was also evaluated. The data were analyzed using the Shapiro-Wilks test, Pearson's correlation and Spearman as appropriate, paired and unpaired t- test, and Mann-Whitney test. The results revealed that the masseter of the crossbite side was more active than that of the non-crossbite side in PCB group during maximal clenching. The comparisons of EMG activity between PCB and NOccl groups revealed some variability in the results, depending on the crossbite side. The ultrasonographic evaluation did not show statistically significant differences between groups, nor between sides in the PCB and NOccl groups. Significant correlation between EMG activity and thickness was observed only in the left masseter in the NOccl group. In conclusion, these findings showed that asymmetric muscle activity of the masticatory muscles was not related to the thickness of these muscles in children with PCB. Clin. Anat. 22:200-206, 2009. (C) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.|
|Citation:||Clinical Anatomy. Wiley-liss, v. 22, n. 2, n. 200, n. 206, 2009.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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