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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Electrochemical behavior of nicotine studied by voltammetric techniques at boron-doped diamond electrodes
Author: Suffredini, HB
Santos, MC
De Souza, D
Codognoto, L
Homem-de-Mello, P
Honorio, KM
da Silva, ABF
Machado, SAS
Avaca, LA
Abstract: The electrochemical behavior of nicotine in alkaline media was studied using a boron doped diamond (BDD) surface as the working electrode. In order to establish the pH dependence and to gain information about the mass transport of the species, cyclic voltammetry studies were carried out in a 0.1 mol L-1 BR (Britton-Robinson) buffer in the presence of 1.0 x 10(-3) mol L-1 nicotine. The optimum pH value was 8 and the mass transport was controlled by diffusion of the species. The square wave voltammetry technique was used to determine the electroanalytical parameters such as frequency, amplitude, and scan increment. After optimization, an analytical curve was constructed. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.50 and 1.66 mg L-1, respectively. Theoretical calculations indicate that the probable oxidation site on the nicotine molecule was the nitrogen atom denoted "11N" and a speculation about the reaction mechanism was proposed. Finally, an experiment using a real sample (cigarette tobacco) was carried out and a recovery study revealed a value of about 4.3 mg L-1 in 0.1 g of tobacco.
Subject: nicotine
diamond electrodes
square wave voltammetry
theoretical calculations
Country: EUA
Editor: Taylor & Francis Inc
Citation: Analytical Letters. Taylor & Francis Inc, v. 38, n. 10, n. 1587, n. 1599, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1081/AL-200065801
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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