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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effects of Temperature and Alkyl Groups of Poly(Alkyl methacrylate)s on Inter- and Intramolecular Interactions of Excited Singlet States of Pyrenyl Guest Molecules|
|Abstract:||Temperature-induced changes in the static and dynamic characteristics of the fluorescence from pyrene and N,N-dimethy1-3-(pyren-1-yl)propan-1-amine (PyC3NMe2) have been used to determine the locations and mobilities of these probes in the anisofropic environments provided by films of 5 poly(alkyl methacrylate) (PAMA) polymers in which alkyl is ethyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclohexyl, and hexadecyl. Whereas emission from pyretic reports on the polarity of the guest sites and the ability of molecules to diffuse translationally between sites, emission from PyC3NMe2 yields information about the fluidity and the shape of the guest sites. Data have been obtained from 20 to >400 K, a range that spans the onsets of several relaxation processes in the hosts. Those data indicate that the pyrenyl groups reside near to ester functionalities in most of the PAMAs, although the distance from them (and the main chains) depends upon the bulkiness of the alkyl groups. Among the most important conclusions derived from this research is that the rates of segmental relaxation phenomena near the probe molecules- and not free volume, as was concluded previously from fluorescence measurements in polyethylene films- are the dominant contributors to the fluorescence changes. Of practical importance, changes in those rates have permitted the onset temperatures of many of the relaxation phenomena occurring in the vicinity of the probes to be located.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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