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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effects of stretching on morphological and biochemical aspects of the extracellular matrix of the rat calcaneal tendon|
|Author:||de Almeida, FM|
|Abstract:||Several studies have demonstrated the relationship between exercise and the extracellular matrix of muscle tendons, and have described alterations in their structural and biochemical properties when subjected to strenuous exercise. However, little is known about what happens to tendons when they are subjected to stretching. We evaluated the changes in the composition and structure of rat calcaneal tendons subjected to a stretching program. The animals had their muscles stretched for 30 s with 30 s of rest, with 10 repetitions, three and five times a week for 21 days. For morphological analysis, the sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and toluidine blue. For biochemical analysis, the tendons were treated with 4 M guanidine hydrochloride and analyzed in SDS-PAGE. The contents of total proteins and glycosaminoglycans were also measured. In the sections stained with toluidine blue, we could observe an increase of rounded cells, especially in the enthesis region. In the region next to the enthesis was a metachromatic region, which was more intensely stained in the stretched groups. In the tension regions, the cells appeared more aligned. Cellularity increased in both regions. The SDS-PAGE analysis showed a larger amount of collagen in the stretched groups and a polydispersed component of 65 kDa in all the groups. The amounts of proteins and glycosaminoglycans were also larger in the stretched tendons. The agarose-gel electrophoresis confirmed the presence of dermatan sulfate in the tension and compression regions, and of chondroitin sulfate only in the latter. Our results showed that the stretching stimulus changed the cellularity and the amount of the extracellular matrix compounds, confirming that tendons are dynamic structures with a capacity to detect alterations in their load.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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