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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effects of shade on the development and sugar metabolism of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) fruits
Author: Geromel, C
Ferreira, LP
Davrieux, F
Guyot, B
Ribeyre, F
Scholz, MBD
Luiz, FPP
Vaast, P
Pot, D
Leroy, T
Androcioli, A
Vieira, LGE
Mazzafera, P
Marraccini, P
Abstract: Coffee fruits grown in shade are characterized by larger bean size than those grown under full-sun conditions. The present study assessed the effects of shade on bean characteristics and sugar metabolism by analyzing tissue development, sugar contents, activities of sucrose metabolizing enzymes and expression of sucrose synthase-encoding genes in fruits of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) plants submitted to full-sun (FS) and shade (SH) conditions. Evolution of tissue fresh weights measured in fruits collected regularly from flowering to maturation indicated that this increase is due to greater development of the perisperm tissue in the shade. The effects of light regime on sucrose and reducing sugar (glucose and fructose) contents were studied in fresh and dry coffee beans. Shade led to a significant reduction in sucrose content and to an increase in reducing sugars. In pericarp and perisperm tissues, higher activities of sucrose synthase (EC and sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS: EC were detected at maturation in the shade compared with full sun. These two enzymes also had higher peaks of activities in developing endosperm under shade than in full sun. It was also noted that shade modified the expression of SUS-encoding genes in coffee beans; CaSUS2 gene transcripts levels were higher in SH than in FS. As no sucrose increase accompanied these changes, this suggests that sucrose metabolism was redirected to other metabolic pathways that need to be identified. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Subject: bean composition
Coffea arabica
fruit development
gene expression
sucrose synthase
sugar metabolism
Country: França
Editor: Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier
Citation: Plant Physiology And Biochemistry. Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier, v. 46, n. 41795, n. 569, n. 579, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2008.02.006
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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