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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effects of ripening, cultivar differences, and processing on the carotenoid composition of mango
Author: Mercadante, AZ
Rodriguez-Amaya, DB
Abstract: The carotenoid composition of mangoes produced in Brazil was determined by HPLC to appraise the effects of some influencing factors. Total carotenoid rose from 12.3 to 38.0 mu g/g in the cultivar Keitt and from 17.0 to 51.2 mu g/g in the cultivar Tommy Atkins from the mature-green to the ripe stage. Ripening alterations occurred principally in the major carotenoids, violaxanthin and beta-carotene. In the Keitt mangoes, all-trans-beta-carotene, all-trans-violaxanthin, and 9-cis-violaxanthin (location of cis double bond tentative) increased from 1.7, 5.4, and 1.7 mu g/g in the mature-green fruits to 6.7, 18.0, and 7.2 mu g/g, respectively, in the ripe fruits. In the Tommy Atkins cultivar, these carotenoids went from 2.0, 6.9, and 3.3 mu g/g to 5.8, 22.4, and 14.5 mu g/g, respectively, on ripening. In both cultivars, the small amount of 13-cis-violaxanthin practically disappeared on ripening. Geographic effects appeared to be substantial. In commercially processed mango juice, violaxanthin was not detected, auroxanthin appeared at an appreciable level, and p-carotene became the principal carotenoid.
Subject: carotenoids
cultivar differences
processing effects
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Citation: Journal Of Agricultural And Food Chemistry. Amer Chemical Soc, v. 46, n. 1, n. 128, n. 130, 1998.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/jf9702860
Date Issue: 1998
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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