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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effects of nifedipine and platelet activating factor antagonist (BN 52021) in glycerol-induced acute renal failure in rats|
|Abstract:||We studied the actions of nifedipine and the platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist BN 52021 on renal and tubular function in glycerol-induced acute renal failure (Gly-ARF). The tubular handling of sodium was evaluated through the lithium clearance method in awake rats in metabolic cages. The sequential analysis of tubular function 3, 6, 12, and 24 h after Gly-ARF showed a sharp decrease in fractional proximal Na reabsorption (FPR(Na))-control 74.1 +/- 12.5%, 3 h: 79.5 +/- 6.0%; 6 h: 41.8 +/- 15.9%; 12 h: 22.9 +/- 17.9%; and 24 h: 31.1 +/- 16.2% (p < 0.001) while fractional distal Na reabsorption (FDR(Na)) did not change during the study. The effect of nifedipine (20 mg/kg p.o.) and BN 52021 (1 mg/kg i.p.) were evaluated 24 h after the induction of Gly-ARF: Both drugs attenuated the reduction in creatinine clearance (control 431.8 +/- 108.2, glycerol 96.7 +/- 43.8, glycerol plus nifedipine 264.9 +/- 103.5, and glycerol plus BN 52021 188.9 +/- 69.8 mu L/min/100 g, p < 0.001). However only nifedipine could keep FPR(Na) higher than untreated rats (58.3 +/- 13.2 vs. 31.1 +/- 16.2%, p < 0.05) and reduced the tubular necrosis on histologic semiquantitative analysis. Our data showed that nifedipine and BN 52021 could protect against filtration failure in Gly-ARF but that only nifedipine reduced the proximal tubular lesion.|
|Editor:||Marcel Dekker Inc|
|Citation:||Renal Failure. Marcel Dekker Inc, v. 18, n. 6, n. 883, n. 892, 1996.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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