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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Enzyme characterisation, isolation and cDNA cloning of polyphenol oxidase in the hearts of palm of three commercially important species|
dos Santos, AB
|Abstract:||Heart of palm (palmito) is the edible part of the apical meristem of palms and is considered a gourmet vegetable. Palmitos from the palms Euterpe edulis (Jucara) and Euterpe oleracea (Acai) oxidise after harvesting, whereas almost no oxidation is observed in palmitos from Bactris gasipaes (Pupunha). Previous investigations showed that oxidation in Jucara and Acai was mainly attributable to polyphenol oxidase (PPO; EC 188.8.131.52) activity. In this study, we partially purified PPOs from these three palmitos and analysed them for SDS activation, substrate specificity, inhibition by specific inhibitors, thermal stability, optimum pH and temperature conditions, Km and Ki. In addition, the total phenolic content and chlorogenic acid content were determined. Two partial cDNA sequences were isolated and sequenced from Acai (EoPPO1) and Jucara (EePPO1). Semi-quantitative RT-PCR expression assays showed that Acai and Jucara PPOs were strongly expressed in palmitos and weakly expressed in leaves. No amplification was observed for Pupunha samples. The lack of oxidation in the palmito Pupunha might be explained by the low PPO expression, low enzyme activity or the phenolic profile, particularly the low content of chlorogenic acid. (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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