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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Enhancement of sciatic nerve regeneration after vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene therapy
Author: Lopes, FRP
Lisboa, BCG
Frattini, F
Almeida, FM
Tomaz, MA
Matsumoto, PK
Langone, F
Lora, S
Melo, PA
Borojevic, R
Han, SW
Martinez, AMB
Abstract: Aims: Recent studies have emphasized the beneficial effects of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on neurone survival and Schwann cell proliferation. VEGF is a potent angiogenic factor, and angiogenesis has long been recognized as an important and necessary step during tissue repair. Here, we investigated the effects of VEGF on sciatic nerve regeneration. Methods: Using light and electron microscopy, we evaluated sciatic nerve regeneration after transection and VEGF gene therapy. We examined the survival of the neurones in the dorsal root ganglia and in lumbar 4 segment of spinal cord. We also evaluated the functional recovery using the sciatic functional index and gastrocnemius muscle weight. In addition, we evaluated the VEGF expression by immunohistochemistry. Results: Fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (FITC-dextran) fluorescence of nerves and muscles revealed intense staining in the VEGF-treated group. Quantitative analysis showed that the numbers of myelinated fibres and blood vessels were significantly higher in VEGF-treated animals. VEGF also increased the survival of neurone cell bodies in dorsal root ganglia and in spinal cord. The sciatic functional index and gastrocnemius muscle weight reached significantly higher values in VEGF-treated animals. Conclusion: We demonstrate a positive relationship between increased vascularization and enhanced nerve regeneration, indicating that VEGF administration can support and enhance the growth of regenerating nerve fibres, probably through a combination of angiogenic, neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects.
Subject: gene therapy
peripheral nerve
vascular endothelial growth factor
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Citation: Neuropathology And Applied Neurobiology. Wiley-blackwell, v. 37, n. 6, n. 600, n. 612, 2011.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2990.2011.01159.x
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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