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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Enhanced insulin secretion and glucose tolerance in rats exhibiting low plasma free fatty acid levels and hypertriglyceridaemia due to congenital albumin deficiency
Author: Figueira, TR
Ribeiro, RA
Ignacio-Souza, LM
Vercesi, AE
Carneiro, EM
Oliveira, HCF
Abstract: Congenitally analbuminaemic individuals and rats (NARs) exhibit several metabolic abnormalities, including hypertriglyceridaemia and plasma free fatty acid deficiency. Our aim was to study glucose homeostasis and insulin secretion in NARs. Plasma concentrations of lipids, glucose and insulin and secretion of insulin from the pancreatic islets were measured in female NARs and control animals (SpragueDawley rats; SDRs). Glucose homeostasis tests were also performed. Plasma glucose levels were similar between NARs and SDRs, irrespective of feeding status. However, fed insulinaemia was similar to 37% higher (P= 0.05) in NARs than in SDRs. The NARs displayed a markedly increased glucose tolerance, i.e. the integrated glycaemic response was one-third that of the control animals. Enhanced glucose tolerance was associated with threefold higher insulinaemia at peak glycaemia after a glucose load than in the control animals. Similar peripheral insulin sensitivity was observed between groups. Isolated pancreatic islets from NARs secreted significantly more insulin than islets from SDRs in response to a wide range of glucose concentrations (2.833.3 mm). Despite having similar liver glycogen contents in the fully fed state, NARs had similar to 40% (P= 0.05) lower glycogen contents than SDRs after 6 h fasting. The injection of a gluconeogenic substrate, pyruvate, elicited a faster rise in glycaemia in NARs compared with SDRs. Overall, NARs displayed enhanced glucose tolerance, insulin secretion and gluconeogenic flux. The higher glucose tolerance in NARs compared with SDRs is attributed to enhanced islet responsiveness to secretagogues, while peripheral insulin sensitivity seems not to be involved in this alteration. We propose that the enhanced glucose metabolism is a chronic compensatory adaptation to decreased free fatty acid availability in NARs.
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Citation: Experimental Physiology. Wiley-blackwell, v. 97, n. 4, n. 525, n. 533, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2011.062307
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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