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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Empirical Methods to Determine the Number of Sources in Single-Channel Musical Signals
Author: Barbedo, JGA
Lopes, A
Wolfe, PJ
Abstract: We present a sequence of empirical methods to determine the number of sources in musical signals when only one channel is available. Rather than building evidence through a statistical model-based approach, we instead develop a carefully tuned and tested two-stage system that is able to function effectively even in extremely underdetermined conditions. A first, more general procedure accurately determines the number of sources that are not closely harmonically related, while the second stage subsequently detects the presence of any remaining sources. The main advantages of this approach lie in its avoidance of the restrictive assumptions that can accompany more complex models in underdetermined cases, and in its use of robust heuristics to identify and exploit as much source-specific information as possible. These features make it possible to address even the most difficult cases in which sources are closely harmonically related, or even share the same fundamental frequency. We report an overall accuracy of nearly 80% on average, using both random and harmonically related mixtures of one to six sources taken from two widely available musical instrument databases-a notable result that demonstrates both the efficiency and the robustness of our proposed procedure.
Subject: Harmonically related sounds
music transcription
polyphonic music
source number estimation
Country: EUA
Editor: Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc
Citation: Ieee Transactions On Audio Speech And Language Processing. Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc, v. 17, n. 7, n. 1435, n. 1444, 2009.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1109/TASL.2009.2021542
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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