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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Elevated thalamic and prefrontal regional cerebral blood flow in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a SPECT study|
|Abstract:||Functional neuroimaging studies have pointed to a possible role of cerebral circuits involving the prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices, the striatum, and thalamus in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) of 16 drug-free Brazilian patients with OCD and 17 healthy subjects matched for age, gender, handedness and level of education was measured with [99m-Tc] HMPAO single photon emission computed tomography. Analysis of covariance identified four regions of interest with significantly higher rCBF: the right superior and inferior frontal cortex and the right and left thalamus. Positive correlations between symptom severity measured by Clinical Global Impression scores and rCBF were found in the right and left inferior frontal lobes and in the right basal ganglia. Compulsive behavior was inversely correlated with rCBF in the right thalamus, and duration of illness correlated positively with rCBF in the right and left superior frontal lobes and with the right thalamus. The findings of this SPECT study conducted in Brazil are in agreement with prior studies and provide additional support for the involvement of prefrontal-subcortical circuits in the pathophysiology of OCD. Furthermore, the study suggests that similar brain mechanisms appear to be involved cross-culturally. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Subject:||single photon emission computed tomography|
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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