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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Role of promoter polymorphisms in the plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPx-3) gene as a risk factor for cerebral venous thrombosis|
JIN, Richard C.
CAMARGO, Erica C. S.
ANNICHINO-BIZACCHI, Joyce M.
HANDY, Diane E.
|Abstract:||Background and Purpose-Plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPx-3) is a major antioxidant enzyme in plasma and the extracellular space that scavenges reactive oxygen species produced during normal metabolism or after oxidative insult. A deficiency of this enzyme increases extracellular oxidant stress, promotes platelet activation, and may promote oxidative posttranslational modification of fibrinogen. We recently identified a haplotype (H-2) in the GPx-3 gene promoter that increases the risk of arterial ischemic stroke among children and young adults. Methods-The aim of this study is to identify possible relationships between promoter haplotypes in the GPx-3 gene and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). We studied the GPx-3 gene promoter from 23 patients with CVT and 123 young controls (18 to 45 years) by single-stranded conformational polymorphism and sequencing analysis. Results-Over half of CVT patients (52.1%) were heterozygous (H1H2) or homozygous (H2H2) carriers of the H-2 haplotype compared with 12.2% of controls, yielding a more than 10-fold independent increase in the risk of CVT (OR=10.7; 95% CI, 2.70 to 42.36; P<0.0001). Among women, the interaction of the H2 haplotype with hormonal risk factors increased the OR of CVT to almost 70 (P<0.0001). Conclusions-These findings show that a novel GPx-3 promoter haplotype is a strong, independent risk factor for CVT. As we have previously shown that this haplotype is associated with a reduction in transcriptional activity, which compromises antioxidant activity and antithrombotic benefits of the enzyme, these results suggest that a deficiency of GPx-3 leads to a cerebral venous thrombophilic state.|
|Subject:||cerebral venous thrombosis|
genetic risk factors
|Editor:||LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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|art_VOETSCH_Role_of_promoter_polymorphisms_in_the_plasma_2008.pdf||published version||325.09 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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