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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Electron dynamics in films made of transition metal nanograins embedded in SiO2: Infrared reflectivity and nanoplasma infrared resonance
Author: Massa, NE
Denardin, JC
Socolovsky, LM
Knobel, M
Zhang, XX
Abstract: We report on near normal infrared reflectivity spectra of similar to 550 nm thick films made of cosputtered transition metal nanograins and SiO2 in a wide range of metal fractions. Co0.85(SiO2)(0.15), with conductivity well above the percolation threshold has a frequency and temperature behavior according to what it is find in conducting metal oxides. The electron scattering rate displays a unique relaxation time characteristic of single type of carriers experiencing strong electron-phonon interactions. Using small polaron fits we identify those phonons as glass vibrational modes. Ni-0.61(SiO2)(0.39), with a metal fraction closer to the percolation threshold, undergoes a metal-nonmetal transition at similar to 77 K. Here, as it is suggested by the scattering rate nearly quadratic dependence, we broadly identify two relaxation times (two carrier contributions) associated to a Drude mode and a midinfrared overdamped band, respectively. Disorder induced, the midinfrared contribution drives the phase transition by thermal electron localization. Co-0.51(SiO2)(0.49) has the reflectivity of an insulator with a distinctive band at similar to 1450 cm(-1) originating in electron promotion, localization, and defect induced polaron formation. Angle dependent oblique reflectivity of globally insulating Co-0.38(SiO2)(0.62), Fe0.34(SiO2)(0.66), and Ni-0.28(SiO2)(0.72), reveals a remarkable resonance at that band threshold. We understand this as due to the excitation by normal to the film electric fields of defect localized electrons in the metallic nanoparticles. At higher oblique angles, this localized nanoplasma couples to SiO2 longitudinal optical Berreman phonons resulting in band peak softening reminiscent to the phonon behavior undergoing strong electron-phonon interactions. Singular to a globally insulating phase, we believe that this resonance might be a useful tool for tracking metal-insulator phase transitions in inhomogeneous materials. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3126485]
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Inst Physics
Citation: Journal Of Applied Physics. Amer Inst Physics, v. 105, n. 11, 2009.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1063/1.3126485
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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