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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Electron collisions with the HCOOH center dot center dot center dot(H2O)(n) complexes (n=1, 2) in liquid phase: The influence of microsolvation on the pi* resonance of formic acid|
|Abstract:||We report momentum transfer cross sections for elastic collisions of low-energy electrons with the HCOOH center dot center dot center dot(H2O)(n) complexes, with n = 1, 2, in liquid phase. The scattering cross sections were computed using the Schwinger multichannel method with pseudopotentials in the static-exchange and static-exchange plus polarization approximations, for energies ranging from 0.5 eV to 6 eV. We considered ten different structures of HCOOH center dot center dot center dot H2O and six structures of HCOOH center dot center dot center dot(H2O)(2) which were generated using classical Monte Carlo simulations of formic acid in aqueous solution at normal conditions of temperature and pressure. The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of microsolvation on the pi* shape resonance of formic acid. Previous theoretical and experimental studies reported a pi* shape resonance for HCOOH at around 1.9 eV. This resonance can be either more stable or less stable in comparison to the isolated molecule depending on the complex structure and the water role played in the hydrogen bond interaction. This behavior is explained in terms of (i) the polarization of the formic acid molecule due to the water molecules and (ii) the net charge of the solute. The proton donor or acceptor character of the water molecules in the hydrogen bond is important for understanding the stabilization versus destabilization of the pi* resonances in the complexes. Our results indicate that the surrounding water molecules may affect the lifetime of the pi* resonance and hence the processes driven by this anion state, such as the dissociative electron attachment. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.|
|Editor:||Amer Inst Physics|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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