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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Electron collisions with isomers of C4H8 and C4H10|
|Abstract:||We report integral, differential and momentum transfer cross sections for elastic scattering of low-energy electrons by several isomers of the C4H8 molecules, such as isobutene, trans-2-butene, cis-2-butene, skew-1-butene and syn-1-butene, and by two isomers of C4H10, the isobutane and the butane molecules. To calculate the cross sections, we use the Schwinger multichannel method with pseudopotentials (Bettega et al 1993 Phys. Rev. A 47 1111) applied at the static exchange level of approximation for incident energies from 10 to 50 eV. Although the C4H8 isomers have different geometric structures, our results show that the integral cross sections for each of these isomers present a broad shape resonance around 10 eV; our results also show that for all C4H8 molecular targets, integral cross sections are very similar in shape and magnitude. Similarities are also found in the momentum transfer and in the differential cross sections of these isomers. The same pattern is found in the cross sections of the C4H10 isomers. Through comparison of the integral and momentum transfer cross sections of 1,3-butadiene (C4H6) trans-2-butene (C4H8) and butane (C4H10), all belonging to the C-2h group and having similar structures, we discuss the role of the hydrogen atoms in the scattering process by these molecules. Further we show that the integral elastic cross sections of all simple hydrocarbons present strong similarities after a scaling. We present a simple geometric model for this scaling that works quite well for a whole family of CnHm molecules (with combinations of n = 1, 2, 3, 4 and m = 2, 4, 6, 8, 10).|
|Editor:||Iop Publishing Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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