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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effect of inorganic phosphate concentration on the nature of inner mitochondrial membrane alterations mediated by Ca2+ ions - A proposed model for phosphate-stimulated lipid peroxidation|
|Abstract:||Addition of high concentrations (>1 mM) of inorganic phosphate (P-i) or arsenate to Ca2+-loaded mitochondria was followed by increased rates of H2O2 production, membrane lipid peroxidation, and swelling. Mitochondrial swelling was only partially prevented either by butylhydroxytoluene, an inhibitor of lipid peroxidation, or cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. This swelling was totally prevented by the simultaneous presence of these compounds. At lower P-i concentrations (1 mM), mitochondrial swelling is reversible and prevented by cyclosporin A, but not by butylhydroxytoluene. In any case (low or high phosphate concentration) exogenous catalase prevented mitochondrial swelling, suggesting that reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in these mechanisms. Altogether, the data suggest that, at low P-i concentrations, membrane permeabilization is reversible and mediated by opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, whereas at high P-i concentrations, membrane permeabilization is irreversible because lipid peroxidation also takes place. Under these conditions, lipid peroxidation is strongly inhibited by sorbate, a putative quencher of triplet carbonyl species. This suggests that high P-i or arsenate concentrations stimulate propagation of the peroxidative reactions initiated by mitochondrial-generated ROS because these anions are able to catalyze C-n-aldehyde tautomerization producing enols, which can be oxidized by hemeproteins to yield the lower C-n-1-aldehyde in the triplet state. This proposition was also supported by experiments using a model system consisting of phosphatidyl-choline/dicethylphosphate liposomes and the triplet acetone-generating system isobutanal/horseradish peroxidase, where phosphate and Ca2+ cooperate to increase the yield of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances.|
|Editor:||Amer Soc Biochemistry Molecular Biology Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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