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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effect of Organic Solvent on the Characteristics of Free and Immobilized Inulinase from Kluyveromyces marxianus ATCC 16045|
|Abstract:||The aim of this work is to evaluate the effects of the butyl acetate concentration on the characteristics of free and immobilized inulinase from Kluyveromyces marxianus ATCC 16045. The mass fractions of organic solvent (OS) in sodium acetate buffer (0.1 M) were studied in the range from 25 to 70 %. The characteristics of both free and immobilized enzymes were not significantly affected by the OS mass fraction. The optimal temperature for the free enzyme was 55 degrees C at all OS mass fractions studied, whereas for the immobilized enzyme the optimum was 55 degrees C at 70 % of butyl acetate, and in the range from 50 to 60 degrees C at 25 and 50 % of OS. The optimum pH values, at all OS mass fractions, were 4.8 and 4.4 for the free and immobilized enzymes, respectively. The immobilized enzyme showed more stability at 50 degrees C and pH=4.8 for the whole range of OS mass fractions, since its stability was improved about 3 times. The kinetics parameters were calculated using Line-weaver-Burk plots. For the free enzyme, the v(max) values were 12.5, 58.5 and 37.6 U/mL, and the K(m) values 17.5, 280.7 and 210.4 mM at butyl acetate mass fractions of 25, 50 and 70 %, respectively. Similarly, for the immobilized enzyme, the v(max) values were 38.9, 59.5 and 72.5 U/mL and the K(m) values 3.1, 5.4 and 14.0 mM at the same butyl acetate mass fractions, respectively.|
|Editor:||Faculty Food Technology Biotechnology|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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