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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effects of an essential oil from the bark of Croton cajucara benth. on experimental gastric ulcer models in rats and mice
Author: Hiruma-Lima, CA
Gracioso, JS
Nunes, DS
Brito, ARMS
Abstract: Croton cajucara Benth. (Euphorbiaceae) is widely used in Amazonian folk medicine for the treatment of a wide range of gastrointestinal symptoms. The essential oil from its bark was investigated for acute toxicity in mice and for its ability to prevent the formation of ulceration of the gastric mucosa in different models of experimentally induced gastric ulcer in mice and rats. When previously administered orally at a dose of 100 mg kg(-1), the essential oil significantly reduced (P < 0.01) the gastric injury induced by hypothermic restraint stress (48%), indomethacin (47%), ethanol (86%) and pylorus ligature models (87%) in rats. In the HCl/ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in mice, at oral doses of 100 and 200 mg kg(-1), the essential oil from C. cajucara significantly reduced (P < 0.01) the formation of gastric lesions by 52% and 67%, respectively, when compared with the control group. In rats submitted to pylorus ligature, the essential oil given orally increased the volume of gastric juice when compared with the control group (P < 0.01). When the essential oil (100 mg kg(-1)) was administered intraduodenally to mice, significant modifications were found in gastric parameters such as pH and total acid content after oil treatment. We observed significant changes (P < 0.01) in gastric juice parameters such as an increase in volume and a decrease in gastric acidity (pH and total acid content). The acute toxicologic effects of the essential oil from C. cajucara were assessed in mice. The LD50 values were 9.3 g kg(-1) by the oral route and 680 mg kg(-1) by the intraperitoneal route. The good yield of essential oil obtained from dried C. cajucara bark (1%) as well as its anti-ulcerogenic activity and low toxicity suggest that pharmacological studies of this substance as a potential new anti-ulcerogenic drug are warranted.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Royal Pharmaceutical Soc Great Britain
Citation: Journal Of Pharmacy And Pharmacology. Royal Pharmaceutical Soc Great Britain, v. 51, n. 3, n. 341, n. 346, 1999.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1211/0022357991772349
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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