Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/64042
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF THE DIAPHRAGM, USED CONTINUOUSLY, WITHOUT SPERMICIDE
Author: FERREIRA, AE
ARAUJO, MJ
REGINA, CH
DINIZ, SG
FAUNDES, A
Abstract: The experience of 670 diaphragm users from three Brazilian clinics was retrospectively reviewed. Most of the subjects (441) followed the traditional method (TM) of using the diaphragm, only at the time of sexual intercourse and with spermicide. One third (215) used the diaphragm continuously (GU), without spermicide, removing it only at the time of their daily shower to wash it, with immediate re-insertion. The total pregnancy rate was 7.0 per 100 women-years for the whole group- Patient and total failure rate were significantly lower in the CU (0.6 and 2.8), in comparison with the TM sub-group (6.5 and 9.8). The discontinuation rate for urinary infection or other medical reasons was not greater in the CU group. Logistic regression analysis, including age, parity, number of abortions and of living children. years of schooling, whether living with a partner, presence of mild cysto-cele or retroverted uterus, and form of use of diaphragm (TM or CU), showed that only the TM of diaphragm use was positively associated to patients' and total failure rate.
Subject: DIAPHRAGM
SPERMICIDE
CONTINUOUS USE
Editor: Butterworth-heinemann
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/0010-7824(93)90063-D
Date Issue: 1993
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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