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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effectiveness of brief intervention and contact for suicide attempters: a randomixed controlled trial in five countries
Author: Fleischmann, A
Bertolote, JM
Wasserman, D
De Leo, D
Bolhari, J
Botega, NJ
De Silva, D
Phillips, M
Vijayakumar, L
Varnik, A
Schlebusch, L
Thanh, HTT
Abstract: Objective To determine whether brief intervention and contact is effective in reducing subsequent suicide mortality among suicide attempters in low and middle-income countries. Methods Suicide attempters (n = 1867) identified by medical staff in the emergency units of eight collaborating hospitals in five culturally different sites (Campinas, Brazil; Chennai, India; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran; and Yuncheng, China) participated, from January 2002 to October 2005, in a randomized controlled trial to receive either treatment as usual, or treatment as usual plus brief intervention and contact (BIC), which included patient education and follow-up. Overall, 91 % completed the study. The primary study outcome measurement was death from suicide at 18-month follow-up. Findings Significantly fewer deaths from suicide occurred in the BIC than in the treatment-as-usual group (0.2% versus 2.2%, respectively; chi(2) = 13.83, P<0.001). Conclusion This low-cost brief intervention may be an important part of suicide prevention programmes for underresourced low-and middle-income countries.
Country: Suíça
Editor: World Health Organization
Citation: Bulletin Of The World Health Organization. World Health Organization, v. 86, n. 9, n. 703, n. 709, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.2471/BLT.07.046995
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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