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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect of chronic metabolic acidosis on renal growth and renal sodium handling in uninephrectomized rats
Author: Menegon, LF
Figueiredo, JF
Gontijo, JAR
Abstract: Paucity studies have indicated that a systemic metabolic acidosis cause a decrease in salt and wafer reabsorption in the kidney. The following study was undertaken on male Wistar-Hannover rats (200-250 g) to investigate the effects of a chronic, NH4Cl-induced metabolic acidosis on the renal handling of Na+ in sham-operated and uninephrectomized rats by lithium clearance. The present study shows that chronic acidosis (blood pH, 7.16 +/- 0.13) caused a sustained increase in renal fractional Na+ excretion (267.9 +/- 36.4%), accompanied by a rise in the fractional proximal (113.3 +/- 3.6%) and post-proximal (179. 7 +/- 20.2%) Na+ and fractional K+ (163.4 +/- 5.6%) excretions when compared to pair-fed rats. These differences occurred in spite of an unchanged creatinine clearance and Na+ filtered load. On the other hand, a body growth impairment was observed in the acidotic (control, 258 +/- 3. 7 g versus acidotic, 232 +/- 4.6 g) and pair-fed rats (225 +/- 3.6 g), whereas there Mm significant enhance in the kidney weights in acidotic rats (1.73 +/- 0.05 g) compared to other experimental groups (control, 1.46 +/- 0.05 g; pair-fed 1.4 +/- 0.05 g). The renal growth indexes after metabolic acidosis NH4Cl-induced did not shown statistical difference at 1.5, 3.0 and 12 hours after uninephrectomy when were compared with pair-fed groups. However, from the fifth to tenth day after unilateral nephrectomy the renal growth index of acicdotic group was significantly greater than pair-Sed groups. Unilateral nephrectomy in acidotic animals caused a striking additional but transient increase in fractional renal sodium (FENa+) and potassium (FEK+) excretion from 1.5 to 3 hours post-surgery meanly associated with an enhanced post-proximal sodium excretion when compared to pair-fed uninephrectomize rats. By the fifth postoperative day the all functional values returned to baseline levels. This altered renal Na+ handling and K+ excretion may result from a reciprocal relationship between tubular metabolic pathway stimuli and ion transport Further studies are required to investigate the acidosis involvement an functional kidney response.
Subject: renal function
renal sodium excretion
lithium clearance
metabolic acidosis
Country: EUA
Editor: Marcel Dekker Inc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3109/08860229909066966
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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