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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect of bicarbonate alkalinity on gravimetric solids analysis in anaerobic wastewater treatment
Author: Damasceno, LHS
Rodrigues, JAD
Ratusznei, SM
Moraes, EM
Zaiat, M
Foresti, E
Abstract: Bicarbonate alkalinity plays an important role in the stability of biological reactors used in wastewater treatment, primarily in anaerobic systems. As some wastewaters tend to acidify readily, addition of an external alkali source may be necessary to maintain process stability. An assessment was made of the effect of sodium bicarbonate addition on the determination of solids concentration. The methodology consisted in accompanying a series of solids concentrations (total solids, TS; total volatile solids, TVS; and total fixed solids, TFS) in samples containing cheese whey and volatile acids used to simulate anaerobic reactor effluents. TS, TVS and TFS showed to be strongly affected by NaHCO3 addition, mainly due to an increase in TFS. This effect could be quantified by relating the experimental values to the theoretical ones from the stoichiometric equations for NaHCO3 decomposition and other compounds (sodium acetate and sodium propionate) formation with temperature increase. In this way, as one of the main parameters of assessing liquid effluent treatment systems is the reduction in solids present in the medium, the concentration of solids can be quantified more adequately by determining fixed solids from the inorganic salts present. This methodology showed to be adequate in cases where a significant amount of alkali is added.
Subject: alkalinity
gravimetric method
Country: Venezuela
Editor: Interciencia
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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