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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effect of applied potential on photocatalytic phenol degradation using nanocrystallinie TiO2 electrodes|
|Abstract:||The activity of transparent and highly porous nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes for phenol degradation by heterogeneous photocatalysis was investigated. Electrochemical characterization, performed for electrodes with areas = 1.0 cm(2), revealed that the capacitance values increased under irradiation. Electrodes with areas = 9.0 cm(2) were used for remediation of 10 mL of an aqueous solution containing 50 mg L-1 of phenol. irradiated by a solar simulator, removal of 48% of total organic carbon was achieved after 3 h. The efficiency was significantly enhanced for electrochemically assisted photocatalysis; the average mineralization was 78% after 3 h and was almost complete after 6 h for a TiO2 electrode externally connected to a Pt counter-electrode and biased at +0.7 or +1.1 V with a potentiostat, or by a series connection to a solar cell. Phenol degradation exhibited pseudo-first-order kinetics, and application of the bias potential increased the rate constant from 0.21 to 0.47 h(-1). Applying a potential bias to the TiO2 electrode minimizes the recombination of photogenerated charge carriers and enhances the photocatalytic activity towards organic pollutant degradation. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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