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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effect of aging on insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate-1, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in liver and muscle of rats|
|Abstract:||Insulin stimulates the tyrosine kinase activity of its receptor, resulting in the phosphorylation of its cytosolic substrate, insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), which, in turn, associates with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase), thereby activating the latter. Aging is associated with insulin resistance, but the exact molecular mechanism is unknown. In the present study, we examined the levels and phosphorylation status of the insulin receptor and IRS-1 as well as the association between IRS-1 and PI 3-kinase in the liver and muscle of 2-, 5-, 12-, and 20-month-old rats. There were no changes in the insulin receptor concentration in the liver and muscle of rats 2-20 months old, as determined by immunoblotting using antibody to the COOH-terminus of the receptor. However, insulin stimulation of receptor autophosphorylation, as determined by immunoblotting with antiphosphotyrosine antibody was reduced by 25% (P < 0.05) in the liver and muscle of rats at 20 months. Interestingly, IRS-1 protein levels decrease at an early stage (5 months) by 58 +/- 9%. (P < 0.01) and remained at low levels thereafter in muscle, but not in liver. In samples previously immunoprecipitated with anti-IRS-1 antibody and blotted with antiphosphotyrosine antibody, there were 60 +/- 9% (P < 0.001) and 92 +/- 4% (P < 0.001) decreases in the insulin-stimulated IRS-1 phosphorylation levels in liver and muscle, respectively, of 20-month-old rats. The insulin-stimulated TRS-1 association with PI 3-kinase was decreased by 70 +/- 2% in the liver (P < 0.001) and by 98 +/- 3% (P < 0.001) in the muscle of 20-month-old rats, with no change in the PI 3-kinase protein levels. The phosphotyrosine-associated PI 3-kinase activity after insulin stimulation was dramatically reduced in liver and muscle of 20-month-old rats compared to that in 8-month-old rats. Finally, by immunoprecipitation, the detection of insulin-stimulated IRS-2 phosphorylation followed the same pattern as that for IRS-1 in both liver of 2- and 20-month-old rats. These data suggest that changes in the early steps of insulin signal transduction may have an important role in the insulin resistance observed in old animals.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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