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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effect of a new tension system, used in acrylic resin flasking, on the dimensional stability of denture bases|
|Abstract:||Statement of problem. The pressure of final closure may be released when the flask is removed from the mechanical or pneumatic press and placed in the spring clamp. This release in pressure may result in dimensional changes that distort the denture base. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between the dimensional stability of standardized simulated denture bases processed by traditional moist heat-polymerization and those processed by use of a new tension system. Material and methods. A metal master die was fabricated to simulate an edentulous maxillary arch without irregularities in the alveolar ridge walls. A silicone mold of this metallic die was prepared, and 40 stone casts were formed from the mold with type III dental stone. The casts were randomly assigned to 4 test groups (A-D) of 10 specimens each. A uniform denture base pattern was made on each stone cast with a 1.5-mm thickness of base-plate wax, measured with a caliper. The patterns were invested for traditional hot water processing. A polymethyl methacrylate dough was prepared and packed for processing. The flasks in groups A and B were closed with the traditional pressure technique and placed in spring clamps after final closure. The flasks in groups C and D were pressed between the metallic plates of the new tension system after the final closure. The group A and C flasks were immediately immersed in the water processing unit at room temperature (25degrees - 2degreesC). The unit was programmed to raise the temperature to 74degreesC over 1 hour, and then maintained the temperature at 74degreesC for 8 hours. The group B and D flasks were bench stored at room temperature (25degrees +/- 2degreesC) for 6 hours and were then subjected to the same moist heat polymerization conditions as groups A and C. All processed dentures were bench cooled for 3 hours. After recovery from the flasks, the base-cast sets were transversally sectioned into 3 parts (corresponding to 3 zones): (1) distal of the canines, (2) mesial of the first molars, and (3) mesial of the posterior palate). These areas had been previously established and standardized by use of a pattern denture in the sawing device to determine the sections in each base-cast set. Base-cast gaps were measured at 5 predetermined points on each section with an optical micrometer that had a tolerance of 0.001 mm. Collected data were analyzed with analysis of variance and Tukey's test. Results. Denture bases processed with the new tension system exhibited significantly better base adaptation than those processed with traditional acrylic resin packing. Immediately after polymerization (Groups A and C), mean dimensional change values were 0.213 +/- 0.055 mm for the traditional packing technique and 0.173 +/- 0.050 mm for new tension system. After delayed polymerization (Groups B and D), the values were 0.216 +/- 0.074 mm for the traditional packing technique and 0.164 +/- 0.032 mm for new tension system. With both techniques, dimensional changes in the posterior palatal zone were greater (conventional 0.86 +/- 0.038 mm; new system = 0.214 +/- 0.024 mm) than those elsewhere on the base-cast set. Conclusion. Within the limitations of this study, the new tension packing system was associated with decreased dimensional changes in the simulated maxillary denture bases processed with heat-polymerization.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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