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dc.contributor.CRUESPUniversidade Estadual de Campinaspt_BR
dc.typeArtigo de periódicopt_BR
dc.titleEcosystem services and biogeochemical cycles on a global scale: valuation of water, carbon and nitrogen processespt_BR
dc.contributor.authorWatanabe, MDBpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorOrtega, Ept_BR
unicamp.authorWatanabe, Marcos D. B. Ortega, Enrique State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Lab Ecol Engn, Food Engn Coll, Campinas, SP, Brazilpt_BR
unicamp.authorWatanabe, Marcos D. B. Ortega, Enrique Secretaria DEA, Fac Engn Alimentos, Dept Eng Alimentos, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP, Brazilpt_BR
dc.subjectBiogeochemical cyclespt_BR
dc.subjectEcosystem servicespt_BR
dc.description.abstractEcosystem services (ES) are provided by healthy ecosystems and are fundamental to support human life. However, natural systems have been degraded all over the world and the process of degradation is partially attributed to the lack of knowledge regarding the economic benefits associated with ES, which usually are not captured in the market. To valuate ES without using conventional approaches, such as the human's willingness-to-pay for ecosystem goods and services, this paper uses a different method based on Energy Systems Theory to estimate prices for biogeochemical flows that affect ecosystem services by considering their emergy content converted to equivalent monetary terms. Ecosystem services related to water, carbon and nitrogen biogeochemical flows were assessed since they are connected to a range of final ecosystem services including climate regulation, hydrological regulation, food production, soil formation and others. Results in this paper indicate that aquifer recharge, groundwater flow, carbon dioxide sequestration, methane emission, biological nitrogen fixation, nitrous oxide emission and nitrogen leaching/runoff are the most critical biogeochemical flows in terrestrial systems. Moreover, monetary values related to biogeochemical flows on a global scale could provide important information for policymakers concerned with payment mechanisms for ecosystem services and costs of greenhouse gas emissions. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Science & Policypt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policypt_BR
dc.publisherElsevier Sci Ltdpt_BR
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Science & Policy. Elsevier Sci Ltd, v. 14, n. 6, n. 594, n. 604, 2011.pt_BR
dc.sourceWeb of Sciencept_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship1Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship1Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)pt_BR
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