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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Early steps of insulin action in the skin of intact rats|
|Abstract:||Insulin is an important regulator of growth and initiates its action by binding to its receptor, which undergoes tyrosyl autophosphorylation and further enhances its tyrosine kinase activity towards other intermediate molecules, including insulin receptor substrate 1, insulin receptor substrate 2, and Shc. Insulin receptor substrate proteins can dock various src-homology-2-domain-containing signaling proteins, such as the 85 kDa subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase and growth-factor-receptor-bound protein 2. The serine-threonine kinase is activated downstream to phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase. Shc protein has been shown to directly induce the association with growth-factor-receptor-bound protein 2 and downstream the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase. In this study we investigated insulin signal transduction pathways in skin of intact rats by immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting with specific antibodies, and also by immunohistochemistry with anti-insulin-receptor antibody. Our results showed that skin fragments clearly demonstrated the presence of insulin receptor in cell bodies of the epidermis and hair follicles and some faint staining was also detected in fibroblasts of the dermis. It was also observed that acute stimulation with insulin can induce tyrosyl phosphorylation of insulin receptor, that the insulin receptor substrates and Shc proteins serve as signaling molecules for insulin in skin of rats, and that insulin is able to induce association of insulin receptor substrate 1/phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase and Shc/growth-factor-receptor-bound protein 2 in this tissue, as well as phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and serine-threonine kinase, demonstrating that proteins involved in early steps of insulin action are expressed in skin of intact rats and are quickly activated after insulin stimulation.|
|Subject:||insulin signal transduction|
|Editor:||Blackwell Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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