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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Early in vivo anticoagulation inhibits the angiogenic response following hindlimb ischemia in a rodent model
Author: De Paula, EV
Nascimento, MCF
Ramos, CD
Ozelo, MC
Machado, TF
T Guillaumon, A
Arruda, VR
Annichino-Bizzacchi, JM
Abstract: Emerging findings have demonstrated the critical role of blood clotting factors in the formation and stabilization of embryonic blood vessels.Whether a similar role is true during post-natal angiogenesis remains to be determined. Here we sought to determine whether the suppression of thrombin generation with anticoagulant drugs at doses routinely used for therapeutic purposes would affect the angiogenesis pattern following hindlimb ischemia in rats. Animals were treated with r-hirudin or enoxaparin within six hours post induction of hindlimb ischemia, whereas two other groups received oral anticoagulation warfarin beginning at day 3 post-ischemia or saline (as control).The revascularization anatomical and functional responses were evaluated 30 days following tissue ischemia. Chronic administration of the drugs resulted in stable anticoagulation in all animals throughout the experiment. Animals that received drugs with fast anticoagulation effects (i.e. r-hirudin and enoxaparin) presented a significant decrease in capillary density and capillary-to-myocyte ratio compared to control animals.These effects were not associated with changes in relative perfusion of the hindlimb at steady state.These anti-angiogenic effects occur in a time-dependent manner, since delayed inhibition of coagulation (> 72 hours) presents no adverse effect on the angiogenic response.We conclude that the use of anticoagulant drugs immediately after tissue ischemia induction hampers in vivo angiogenic response in a rodent hindlimb ischemia model.
Subject: angiogenesis
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Schattauer Gmbh-verlag Medizin Naturwissenschaften
Citation: Thrombosis And Haemostasis. Schattauer Gmbh-verlag Medizin Naturwissenschaften, v. 96, n. 1, n. 68, n. 72, 2006.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1160/TH06-02-0103
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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