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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Natural history of the Neotropical arboreal ant, Odontomachus hastatus: Nest sites, foraging schedule, and diet
Author: Camargo, RX
Oliveira, PS
Abstract: The ecology of most arboreal ants remains poorly documented because of the difficulty in accessing ant nests and foragers in the forest canopy. This study documents the nesting and foraging ecology of a large (similar to 13 mm total length) arboreal trap-jaw ant, Odontomachus hastatus (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a sandy plain forest on Cardoso Island, off the coast of Southeast Brazil. The results showed that O. hastatus nested in root clusters of epiphytic bromeliads, most commonly Vriesea procera (70% of nest plants). Mature O. hastatus colonies include one to several queens and about 500 workers. Foraging by O. hastatus is primarily nocturnal year-round, with increased foraging activity during the wet/warm season. The foragers hunt singly in the trees, preying on a variety of canopy-dwelling arthropods, with flies, moths, ants, and spiders accounting for > 60% of the prey captured. Although predators often have impacts on prey populations, the ecological importance of O. hastatus remains to be studied.
Subject: activity rhythms
Atlantic forest
bromeliad-nesting ants
canopy-dwelling ants
nocturnal ants
Country: EUA
Editor: Univ Arizona
Citation: Journal Of Insect Science. Univ Arizona, v. 12, 2012.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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